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Paris

por Lipa, em 13.11.12

 Paris is the capital os France and the most populous city.

The Sena cuts the city in an arc, entering and leaving the east by southwest. More than thirty bridges in crossing the river course, and the majority of the bridges is filled with padlocks, being the best known and most loaded the Pont des Arts, thousands of lovers hang padlocks with their names in it.

This ideia came from a book (I'm Crazy For You, by Federico Moccia), where the protagonist couple puts a lock on the Milvian Bridge (Rome) and throw the keys into the Tiber River, in order to seal their love.

This bridge is near the famous Notre-Dame.
Its construction started in the year 1163, is dedicated to Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ (hence the name Notre-Dame - Our Lady), is located in the square Parvis, on the small island Ile de la Cité, surrounded by the River Sena.
Having become better known through the story "Notre-Dame de Paris," The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, by Victor Hugo, is a wonderful Gothic monument to visit.

Three landmarks that can not be missed in any way when you go to Paris are the Eiffel Tower, Louvre and Arc de Triomphe.
The Eiffel Tower is an iron lattice tower of the nineteenth century located on the Champ de Mars, is the tallest building in Paris, with 324 meters tall and is the most visited paid monument in the world, millions of people climb to the tower each year . Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, was built as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle in 1889.

The Louvre Museum, housed in the Louvre Palace, is one of the largest and most famous museums in the world.
It is where the Mona Lisa, the Winged Victory of Samothrace, the Venus de Milo, huge collections of artifacts from ancient Egypt, the Greco-Roman civilization, decorative and applied arts, and numerous masterpieces of the great artists of Europe as Titian, Rembrandt, Michelangelo, Goya and Rubens, one of the biggest shows in the world of art and human culture. The museum therefore covers eight thousand years of culture and civilization both East and West.

Mona Lisa

The Louvre Palace is an almost rectangular structure, composed of the square Cour Carrée and two wings surrounding the Cour Napoléon to the north and south. At the heart of the complex is the Louvre Pyramid, above the visitor's center. The museum is divided into three wings: the Sully Wing to the east, which contains the Cour Carrée and the oldest parts of the Louvre, the Richelieu Wing to the north and the Denon Wing, which borders the Seine to the south.
In 1983, French President François Mitterrand proposed the Grand Louvre plan to renovate the building and transfer the Finance Ministry, allowing exhibited throughout the building. The Architect I. M. Pei was awarded the project and proposed a glass pyramid in the courtyard central.4 The pyramid and its underground lobby was inaugurated on October 15, 1988. The second phase of the Grand Louvre plan, La Pyramide Inversée (The Inverted Pyramid), was completed in 1993. Since 2002, attendance has doubled since its completion.


The Arc de Triomphe was built to commemorate the military victories of Napoleon Bonaparte. The monumental work holds, recorded the names of 128 generals and 558 battles. At its base lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (1920). The arch is located at Charles de Gaulle Square, one of the two ends of the Champs-Élysées.
Several architectural elements are worthy of owned and faithful observation. Thirty medallions, located in the beautiful cornice, make, each, reference to important battles fought by the French army, among which Aboukir, Ulm, Austerlitz, Jena, Friedland and Moscow. The frieze, in turn, portrays the match (east facade) and return (west facade) of the imperial troops, as they clashed in different regions of the European continent.
The Arc de Triomphe is still and has always been a symbol of French patriotism
and pride.

 Sacre Core

 Other places to visit are:
The Basilica of the Sacré-Cœur which is a temple of the Roman Catholic Church, and it is also the symbol of the neighborhood of Monte Martre. The basilica is located at the top of the hill Martre, the
highest point of the city.
the basilica has the shape of a Greek cross adorned by four summits, including the central dome eighty feet tall. In the apse, bell tower serves as a bell three meters in diameter and more than 26 tons.
The mosaic at the apex, called Christ in majesty, is one of the largest in the world. The basilica has a garden for meditation, with a fountain.

Les Invalides, officially known as L'Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose. The buildings house the Musée de l'Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d'Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the burial site for some of France's war heroes, notably Napoleon Bonaparte.


The Musée Rodin was opened in 1919, dedicated to the works of the French sculptor Auguste Rodin. Contains most of Rodin's significant creations, including The Thinker, The Kiss and The Gates of Hell. Many of his sculptures are displayed in the museum's extensive garden.

The Musée de l'Orangerie is an art gallery of impressionist and post-impressionist paintings. Though most famous for being the permanent home for eight Water Lilies murals by Claude Monet, the museum also contains works by Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Pablo Picasso, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Henri Rousseau, Alfred Sisley, Chaim Soutine, and Maurice Utrillo, among others.

The Musée d'Orsay housed in the former Gare d'Orsay, an impressive Beaux-Arts railway station built between 1898 and 1900. The museum holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1915, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography. It houses the largest collection of impressionist and post-impressionist masterpieces in the world, by such painters such as Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir, Cézanne, Seurat, Sisley, Gauguin and Van Gogh.

Centre Georges Pompidou was designed in the style of high-tech architecture. It houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information, a vast public library, the Musée National d'Art Moderne which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe, and IRCAM, a centre for music and acoustic research. Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as Beaubourg.

There is much more that you can see and do, it is a city full of culture and activity. So enjoy the most.


 

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